By Giorgio Graffi
This booklet argues convincingly opposed to the frequent opinion that only a few syntactic stories have been performed prior to the Fifties. counting on the specific research of a big quantity of unique resources, it exhibits that syntactic issues have been in reality rigorously investigated all through either the nineteenth century and through the 1st half the 20 th century. in addition, it illustrates how the big improvement of syntactic learn within the final fifty years has already condemned even numerous contemporary principles and analyses to oblivion, and deeply prompted present learn courses. The wealth of study undertaken over the past centuries is gifted right here in a scientific approach, taking as its start line the connection of syntax with psychology all through this era. The serious principles expressed within the textual content are in response to an in depth representation of different syntactic versions and analyses instead of at the polemics among the several colleges.
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Additional resources for 200 Years of Syntax: A critical survey
The various 'general' grammarians always remained faithful to these ground assumptions, while their technical approach to several syntactic prob lems changed, often considerably, during the two centuries or so in which their framework flourished. e. the analysis of every sentence into Subject, Copula and Predicate. 1, the cop- 18 200 YEARS OF SYNTAX ula-theory, which was a cornerstone in Port-Royal system of syntax, was gradually abandoned by some of the last scholars beloning to the tradition of General Grammar.
2. , Verburg 194950). 1. we will read through some of Bopp's passages which give ample evidence of the influence that Port-Royal grammar was still exerting on his work. Note, however, that all these passages are drawn from the English ver sion, Analytical Comparison (Bopp 1820), of Bopp's first book (Bopp 1816). Very little space is given to the role of the 'substantive verb' in the analysis of the sentence and of the forms (like Latin potest) that he derived from a senten tial structure in his later Vergleichende Grammatik (Bopp 1857-1861).
G. by Girard, Du Marsais and Beauzée, maintained that the ordre naturel was SVO, and there fore that French was an example of it; the second position, held by grammari ans such as Batteux but also by philosophers such as Condillac and Diderot, refused the idea that the word order exemplified by a particular language could be deemed as the 'natural' one, and in some cases also expressly denied the 'naturalness' of the SVO order (on the whole matter, see Jellinek 1913-14 II:425-464). e. the tradition of General Grammar.
200 Years of Syntax: A critical survey by Giorgio Graffi