By Lyle Campbell
Ancient linguistics — the learn of language swap — has lengthy been a cornerstone of linguistics. With its lengthy background, a number of subfields, and intricate terminology, it offers many demanding situations to scholars and students. This e-book is an important complement to classes in ancient linguistics and the historical past of person languages. It offers an available, updated, and extensively consultant evaluate of historic linguistics via explication of its major phrases and concepts.
Key positive aspects:
-A convenient and straightforward to appreciate pocket guide
-Numerous go references to comparable terms
-New and standard terminology
-Defines terminologies, presents examples and suitable discussions
Distribution is restricted to Canada and the U.S.
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Additional resources for A Glossary of Historical Linguistics
Conditioned changes affect only some of a sound’s occurrences, those in particular contexts, but not other occurrences that happen to be found in environments outside the restricted situation in which the change takes effect. For example, the Spanish change of Romance p to Spanish b intervocalically, as in lupus > lobo ‘wolf’, is conditioned; only those ps that were between vowels became b, while ps in other positions (for example, at the beginning of words) did not change. ]: s > s. after r, u, k, i, y.
However, since not even -Na-Dené has been satisfactorily demonstrated, Na-Dené could hardly be shown successfully to be connected to these various Old World groups. The proposed macro-family has also been called the Macro-Caucasian phylum and SinoCaucasian. See Na-Dené. de Saussure, Ferdinand linguistics see laryngeal theory, diachronic descent group Johanna Nichols’ term for any group of genetically related languages, ‘the basic building block of linguistic populations’ (Nichols 1997: 360), which 866 02 pages 001-242 42 6/12/06 08:52 Page 42 A GLOSSARY OF HISTORICAL LINGUISTICS includes families and stocks.
The second and third assumptions are a consequence of the fact that the comparative method addresses directly only that material in the related languages that is inherited from the proto-language and has no means of its own for dealing with borrowings (the results of subsequent contact after the spit up of the languages). Borrowing and language contact are, however, not neglected: other techniques deal with borrowing, and the comparative method can help identify loans. The fourth assumption, the regularity of sound change, is valuable to the comparative method, since knowing that a sound changes in a regular fashion gives us the confidence to reconstruct what the sound was like in the parent language from which it comes.
A Glossary of Historical Linguistics by Lyle Campbell