By William Z. Shetter
First version This grammar arose from the necessity for a concise presentation of the necessities of the Dutch language which may be used either for self reliant domestic research and in teams or periods below formal guide. With the previous objective in brain, the reasons were made as self-explanatory as attainable, and a whole key to the routines has been supplied in an appendix. within the curiosity of simplicity and simplicity of reference and evaluate, every one grammatical subject is mentioned as totally as possible in a single position, and an attempt has been made to incorporate just one significant grammatical function in anyone bankruptcy. yet given that an exceptional beginning can extra successfully be accomplished via learn below expert supervision or with a local speaker of the language, the presentation has additionally been made adapt capable of this sort of research. The short fill-in workouts in each one lesson supply a version for any volume of drill, and the dialogues and readings incorporated at abnormal durations in addition to the evaluate selec tions positioned after each few chapters supplies the required additional perform in supervised guideline. support may still at least be sought with the pronunciation, the critical stumbling-block within the method of both self sufficient or supervised research.
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Additional info for A Practical Grammar Introduction to Dutch
Vocabulary al/e'bei al/e'maal met ons al/emaal eenbeetje beide hetbezoek bij de brievenbus de bus dezelfde (hetzelfde) hetgezin jammer het kan'toor ka'pot kennen dekerel knap dekoffer both all with all of us a little both 1 visit at the house of mailbox box the same family, (parents and children) too bad office broken to know (a person) fellow smart suitcase kwalijk: neem me niet kwalijk na'tuurlijk nu onder'weg over over'dag deplaats dereis repa'reren de schrijfmachine hetspijt me vinden voorelkaar vriendelijk werken zelfs zo!
The reflexive pronouns in Dutch for the first and second persons are simply the object pronouns: wij wassen ons we wash (ourselves) ik scheer mij I shave (myself) jul/ie vergissen je you are wrong The third person uses zich for the singular and plural: hij wast zich he washes (himself) zij vergissen zich they are wrong With u, either u or zich can be used as reflexive pronoun u wast u you wash (yourself) wast u zich? do you wash (yourself)? g. zich vergissen, zich verbazen, zich herinneren and zich verheugen: hij vergist zich vaak ik verbaas mijJ nu herinner ik het mij ik herinner mij die dag nog verheug je je op de reis?
Since it gets us directly into Dutch social situations, no translation from English is needed. Place yourself in this social situation and identify with the person speaking at the left. Point to or look at the other persons and practice the forms of any verbs in this chapter. Here are some things to work on: 1 When you have become the ik in the picture, how are you going to address Elly? Mevrouw Van Sluis? Elly and Han together? Keep practicing this until it feels natural to use three different words where we are used to only one in English.
A Practical Grammar Introduction to Dutch by William Z. Shetter