By R. Anthony Lodge
Paris grew to become the most important urban within the Western global throughout the 13th century, and has remained influential ever on account that. This booklet examines the interlinked historical past of Parisian speech and the Parisian inhabitants via numerous stages of immigration, dialect-mixing and social stratification from the center a while to the current. It finds how new city modes of speech constructed during times of growth, how the city's elites sought to tell apart their language from that of the loads, and the way a working-class vernacular finally emerged with its personal "slang" vocabulary.
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Additional info for A Sociolinguistic History of Parisian French
1 The early history The site of Paris has seen continuous human occupation for a very long time: traces of settlement have been found on the Ile-de-la-Cit´e, dating back some 4,000 years (Duval 1961: 43). The city appears to owe its earliest existence to the presence of an important overland route which in Neolithic times passed across the plains and plateaux of northern France from the Low Countries to the Loire and Aquitaine, and which found in the Ile-de-la-Cit´e the most suitable crossing-point on the Seine (see Planhol 1994: 247–8).
1–82) the author describes the mechanism known as ‘accommodation’, whereby speakers of mutually intelligible dialects subconsciously reduce or eliminate linguistic variants which impede communication or which breach Grice’s ‘co-operative principle’, that is features which are felt to be too typical of the speaker’s place or region of origin. Trudgill regards accommodation as an individual, short-term preamble to collective, longer-term koin´eisation. In the second section of the book (pp. 83–126) he examines the processes of ‘dialect levelling’ (whereby features typical of a particular dialect fall into disuse) and ‘simpliﬁcation’ (the reduction of morpho-phonemic irregularities), which can lead to ‘koin´eisation’.
The urban hierarchy thus comprises: (I) national 26 A Sociolinguistic History of Parisian French capitals, (II) provincial capitals, (III) county towns, (IV) market towns, etc. According to the Central Place model, the size and complexity of a town or city is determined by its proximity to the centre of the System, which acquires thereby a certain symmetry not possessed by the Network System. The two models are complementary and most larger cities participate in both sorts of system. But, as we consider the long-term development of Paris, it is clear that Paris follows more closely the Central Place model than does, for instance, London.
A Sociolinguistic History of Parisian French by R. Anthony Lodge