By Thomas Philipp
Thomas Philipp's learn of Acre combines the main large use to this point of neighborhood Arabic resources with advertisement documents in Europe to make clear a sector and tool middle many determine because the starting of recent Palestinian historical past. The 3rd biggest urban in eighteenth-century Syria—after Aleppo and Damascus—Acre was once the capital of a politically and economically special area at the Mediterranean coast that incorporated what's at the present time northern Israel and southern Lebanon. within the eighteenth century, Acre grew dramatically from a small fishing village to a fortified urban of a few 25,000 population. funds vegetation (first cotton, then grain) made Acre the heart of exchange and political energy and associated it inextricably to the realm economic system. Acre was once markedly assorted from different towns within the area: its city society consisted virtually solely of immigrants looking their fortune.
The upward thrust and fall of Acre within the eighteenth and 19th centuries, Thomas Philipp argues,...
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Additional resources for Acre. The Rise and Fall of a Palestinian City, 1730-1831
No invader could ignore Acre or Jaffa, the latter often serving as an extension of the power base of the former. The coastal cities further north, such as Sidon, Beirut, and Tripoli, were no longer or not yet of economic or strategic importance. Such was also the case with the inland cities in the south—Hebron, Jerusalem, and, to a degree, Nablus. After securing Acre the armies had to turn inland to Damascus, the “Gate to the Pilgrimage” and the seat of the most powerful representative of Ottoman might, the governor of Damascus and his troops.
As mentioned before, Cohen has made extensive use of the Ottoman archives; administrative and fiscal affairs and relations to the central government were his main concern, and he succeeded in providing a wealth of material and analysis. The conceptual framework “Palestine” sits awkwardly, since it is neither an administrative nor a fiscal entity and Cohen has to move around, treating the two vilayets of Damascus and Sidon in addition to the sancaḳ of Jerusalem. I have relied on his very thorough research wherever appropriate.
In 1821–22 a nine-month siege by Darwīsh Pasha could not force ‘Abdallāh Pasha to surrender. Conquest came only after a six-month siege by the Egyptian army under Ibrāhīm Pasha in 1832. Conquest also became possible in situations in which the defenders, through fear, treachery, or dissent, had lost the stamina to defend the city and withdrew voluntarily, as occurred (twice) in 1775 and in 1804. Throughout, Acre remained the pivotal point of all military campaigns. With the reestablishment of Ottoman central power in Syria after 1840 Acre sank into oblivion, and the military highway between Egypt and Syria played no further role until British troops set out from Egypt to conquer Syria during World War I.
Acre. The Rise and Fall of a Palestinian City, 1730-1831 by Thomas Philipp