By Michel Callon, Pierre Lascoumes, Yannick Barthe
Controversies over such concerns as nuclear waste, genetically converted organisms, asbestos, tobacco, gene treatment, avian flu, and mobile phone towers come up virtually day-by-day as speedy medical and technological advances create uncertainty and produce approximately unexpected matters. The authors of appearing in an doubtful international argue that political associations needs to be multiplied and stronger to control those controversies, to rework them into effective conversations, and to result in "technical democracy." They exhibit how "hybrid forums"--in which specialists, non-experts, usual voters, and politicians come together--reveal the bounds of conventional delegative democracies, within which judgements are made via quasi-professional politicians and techno-scientific details is the area of experts in laboratories. The department among execs and laypeople, the authors declare, is just superseded. The authors argue that laboratory study will be complemented by way of daily experimentation pursued within the actual international, and so they describe numerous modes of cooperation among the 2. They discover more than a few concrete examples of hybrid boards that experience handled sociotechnical controversies together with nuclear waste disposal in France, commercial waste and start defects in Japan, a early life leukemia cluster in Woburn, Massachusetts, and mad cow affliction within the uk. The authors talk about the results for political selection making often and describe a "dialogic" democracy that enriches conventional consultant democracy. To invent new strategies for session and illustration, they recommend, is to give a contribution to an unending approach that's helpful for the continuing democratization of democracy.
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Additional resources for Acting in an Uncertain World: An Essay on Technical Democracy (Inside Technology)
What do we want to know? Hybrid forums help to bring some elements of an answer to these pressing questions. Uncertainty is a useful concept because it prevents us from confusing hybrid forums with situations of risk. It is nevertheless a fuzzy concept covering diverse configurations. Obviously, uncertainties may be more or less radical. There is a vast space between dismal ignorance and an impeccable knowledge of the states of possible worlds. It is worthwhile plotting its contours, for that is where the hybrid forums install themselves.
That they remain uncertain. Imagine the predicament of E´lectricite´ de France if the danger were to be proven! There are striking similarities between the two cases just set out. In the example of radioactive waste as in that of high-voltage lines, the uncertainties concerning the dangers incurred (whether long-term or short-term) are patent. ’’ In the two cases, the controversies bear at the same time on the characterization of the dangers and on the procedure to be established so as to arrive at what may be considered a credible and legitimate characterization.
In actual fact, science often proves to be incapable of establishing the list of possible worlds and of describing each of them exactly. This amounts to saying that we cannot anticipate the consequences of the decisions that are likely to be made; we do not have a sufficiently precise knowledge of the conceivable options, the description of the constitution of the possible worlds comes up against resistant cores of ignorance, and the behavior and interactions of the entities making them up remain enigmatic.
Acting in an Uncertain World: An Essay on Technical Democracy (Inside Technology) by Michel Callon, Pierre Lascoumes, Yannick Barthe