By Said Amir Arjomand
A finished analytical view of Iran within the final twenty years, masking the advance of theocratic govt, hindrances to democratization and hardliners' international coverage and nearby ambitions
Written by way of the writer of The Turban for the Crown
A new conception of the innovative method and post-revolutionary reconstruction instructed by means of the Iranian case
For many americans, Iran is our most threatening enemy--part of George W. Bush's "axis of evil" even earlier than the looks of Ahmadinejad. yet what's the truth? How did Ahmadinejad upward thrust to energy, and what kind of energy does he particularly have? What are the probabilities of normalizing family with Iran?
In After Khomeini, Saïd Amir Arjomand paints a sophisticated and perceptive portrait of up to date Iran. This paintings, a sequel to Arjomand's acclaimed The Turban for the Crown, examines Iran less than the successors of Ayatollah Khomeini as much as the current day. He starts, because the Islamic Republic did, with Khomeini, delivering a super pill biography of the fellow who masterminded the revolution that overthrew the Shah. Arjomand attracts transparent differences among the moderates of the preliminary word of the revolution, radicals, pragmatists, and hardliners, the latter most sensible exemplified through Mahmud Ahmadinejad. Taking a chronological and thematic method, he strains the emergence and consolidation of the current approach of collective rule by means of clerical councils and the peaceable transition to twin management via the ayatollah because the excellent consultant and the subordinate president of the Islamic Republic of Iran. He explains the interior political quarrels between Khomeini's heirs as a fight over his progressive legacy. And he outlines how the ruling clerical elite and the nation's defense forces are interdependent politically and economically, speculating at the power destiny function of the innovative Guards. Bringing the paintings as much as present political occasions, Arjomand analyzes Iran's overseas coverage in addition, together with the effect of the autumn of Communism on Iran and Ahmadinejad's nuclear policy.
Few international locations loom greater in American overseas family members than Iran. during this wealthy and insightful account, a professional on Iranian society and politics untangles the complexities of a state nonetheless driving the turbulent wake of 1 of history's nice revolutions.
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Extra resources for After Khomeini: Iran Under His Successors
None of Iran’s earlier constitutions had a provision for amending the constitution, though an ad hoc “constituent assembly” had been convened for that purpose under the Pahlavis. On the eve of the Islamic revolution, Khomeini dual leadership and constitutional developments 39 had followed this precedent and promised a constituent assembly; however, he instead opted for an Assembly of Experts to write the new constitution. The Constitution of 1979 still did not provide a procedure for its amendment.
Khomeini undoubtedly shared this view. 3 The bitter memory of Iran’s 18 after khomeini ﬁrst revolution did not die after the Islamic revolution. It was evoked positively by the “liberal” nationalists within the Islamic revolutionary coalition, such as Bazargan and Bani-Sadr during the 1979–1981 period, but also by the hardliners with great apprehension. ”4 The policies of centralization and secularization under the builder of Iran’s modern state, Reza Khan, Minister of War and Prime Minister since 1921, and thereafter Reza Shah Pahlavi (1925–1941), were opposed by a few clerics in the 1920s and 1930s, but this opposition remained ineffective.
The leading clerics, who were later to occupy the highest positions of power in the Islamic Republic, were, with rare exceptions, Khomeini’s former students, or his collaborators in the agitations of the 1960s. They tended to be from the traditional urban background typical of the Shi’ite clergy in the preceding century. Keenly aware of the dispossession of the Shi’ite hierocracy by the Pahlavi regime, they sought to recover lost historical privileges. The younger clerics, on the other hand, were heavily drawn from humbler rural and small-town backgrounds.
After Khomeini: Iran Under His Successors by Said Amir Arjomand