By Taner Edis
Present discussions within the West at the relation of technology and faith concentration mostly on science's uneasy dating with the conventional Judeo-Christian view of lifestyles. yet a parallel controversy exists within the Muslim global relating to how you can combine technological know-how with Islam. As physicist Taner Edis exhibits during this interesting glimpse into modern Muslim tradition, a great deal of well known writing in Muslim societies makes an attempt to handle such difficult questions as: Is Islam a "scientific religion"? have been the discoveries of contemporary technology foreshadowed within the Quran? Are clever layout conjectures extra beautiful to the Muslim standpoint than Darwinian motives? Edis examines the variety of Muslim pondering technology and Islam, from blatantly pseudoscientific fantasies to relatively subtle efforts to "Islamize science". From the world's most powerful creationist hobbies to weird and wonderful science-in-the-Quran apologetics, well known Muslim techniques advertise a view of normal technology as an insignificant fact-collecting task that coexists in near-perfect concord with literal-minded religion. seeing that Muslims are keenly acutely aware that technology and expertise were the keys to Western luck, they're wanting to harness expertise to accomplish a Muslim model of modernity. but even as, they're reluctant to permit technology to turn into autonomous of faith and are suspicious of Western secularisation. Edis examines all of those conflicting traits, revealing the problems dealing with Muslim societies attempting to adapt to the fashionable technological global. His discussions of either the parallels and the diversities among Western and Muslim makes an attempt to harmonise technology and faith make for a special and exciting contribution to this carrying on with debate.
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Additional info for An illusion of harmony: science and religion in Islam
15 Clearly, poverty has a lot to do with the Muslim lag in science, although oil-rich Arab countries have not been able to translate their wealth into intellectual contributions. Social and cultural factors are also important. For example, one reason most Turkish universities suffer from a lack of quality is that many of them are shells recently created for political purposes rather than established intellectual institutions. A new university in the provinces means government investment, students, and a revival of local trade, so voters love having a new university.
For example, what is the role of external influences such as colonialism and simple poverty in keeping science hobbled in Muslim lands? What about social factors, such as widespread corruption, which do not have an obvious connection to religion? No doubt lack of resources is a large part of the story. Modern science is long past the stage where important discoveries can be made without expensive equipment and institutional support. Erdal İnönü, a Turkish physicist, examined the Turkish world rankings in scientific publications, and noted that while Turkey came in forty-fifth in per capita publications in 1999, it was forty-seventh in per capita income.
With the exception of some extreme traditionalists and mystics, almost all think that technological development is imperative in order to improve their lot. And so, whether liberal modernists or fundamentalists, Muslims assert that Islam and science not only coexist in complete harmony but that Islam and science mutually support each other. It is unfortunate that in the area of science, the West has leapt ahead of the community of Muslims, the umma. In fact, many say that Europeans only built upon the heritage of Muslim science at the peak of Islamic civilization, while Muslims fell away from the purity of their religion and allowed themselves to stagnate.
An illusion of harmony: science and religion in Islam by Taner Edis