By Overgaard, Søren; Burwood, Stephen; Gilbert, Paul
What's philosophy? How should still we do it? Why may still we trouble to? those are the types of questions addressed through metaphilosophy - the philosophical research of the character of philosophy itself. scholars of philosophy this present day are confronted with a complicated and daunting array of philosophical tools, ways and types and likewise deep divisions similar to the infamous rift among analytic and Continental philosophy. This booklet takes readers via an entire variety of ways - analytic as opposed to Continental, scientistic as opposed to humanistic, 'pure' as opposed to utilized - permitting them to find and comprehend those other ways of doing philosophy. essentially and accessibly written, it's going to stimulate mirrored image on philosophical perform and should be important for college kids of philosophy and different philosophically vulnerable readers
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Extra resources for An introduction to metaphilosophy
So-called experimental philosophers explicitly regard philosophy as a straightforward part of empirical science and they cheerfully embrace the consequence that philosophy should be done using the established methods of empirical science. ) That the views of the experimental philosophers differ from those of Quine becomes clear once we confront the two parties with our test questions. For the experimental philosopher, presumably the reason philosophy has failed to make much progress is that, at least until a few years ago, philosophers have generally adopted armchair methods inherently unsuited to the philosophers’ field of research.
55 But the idea that the task of philosophy is to provide reflective, ‘second-order’ understanding of something we in a sense already know is independent of the so-called linguistic turn, and can be found in the work of continental philosophers who did not take that turn, as we will see in the next section. It is also closely related with the notion that philosophy is a humanistic discipline, which we examine in a bit more detail in the following chapter. For now, we wish to note that, like the logical positivists, Hacker has no problem explaining the lack of progress in philosophy.
59 60 Philosophy as transcendental inquiry things in everyday contexts. 66 Second, many continental philosophers, including phenomenologists such as Husserl and (less markedly) Heidegger and Merleau-Ponty, understand philosophy as a transcendental sort of inquiry. 67 To phrase it slightly differently, transcendental philosophers reflect on our (first-order) knowledge with a view to unveiling the ‘conditions of possibility’ of such knowledge. On the views of many continental philosophers, what sets philosophy fundamentally apart from the empirical sciences is precisely that the former essentially is – that is, ought to be – transcendental inquiry into the conditions of possibility underlying ordinary and scientific experience and inquiry.
An introduction to metaphilosophy by Overgaard, Søren; Burwood, Stephen; Gilbert, Paul