By E. Ostenfeld
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For a discussion of the idea that voluntary action is like willing other people to do things, see B. O'Shaughnessy, 'The Limits of the Will', Philosophicd Review, 1956. VOLITION 45 The word 'will' is also used when a person finds doing something very hard. We talk of a person willing himself to keep hold of a cliff edge, although the pain in his fingers is almost unbearable. And we talk of a person willing himself to appear cool and collected at an important interview. His 'willing himself' is largely a matter of encouraging himself not to give in, not to release his grasp or give way to worrying about the impression he is making.
18 Collected Essays, I, pp. 275-6. 48 ESSAYS IN PHILOSOPHICAL PSYCHOLOGY of my salivary glands or sexual organs will produce its existence in fact. We hear of those who can blush, shiver, sweat, or shed tears if their mind is set on it. And if we think of various sensations in parts of our bodies, we can produce them at will, and can induce at our pleasure other bodily alterations through emotional excitement. Now on the one hand, I believe, the view could not be sustained that our striped or voluntary muscles are here the necessary agents; and on the other hand to deny that these changes are volitional would be to confess oneself refuted.
Young (for Prisoner). The death resulted from accident. There was no such culpable negligence on the part of the prisoner as will support this indictment. A culpable mistake, or some degree of culpable negligence, causing death, will not support a charge of manslaughter; unless the negligence be so gross as to be reckless. (R. v. ) Lush, F. To render a person liable for neglect of duty there must be such a degree of culpability as to amount to gross negligence on his part. If you accept the prisoner's own statement, you find no such amount of negligence as would come within this definition.
Ancient Greek Psychology and Modern Mind-Body Debate by E. Ostenfeld