By Hamid Dabashi
From the origins of Muhammad's prophetic flow throughout the improvement of Islam's vital branches to the institution of the Umayyad dynasty, the idea that of authority has been important to Islamic civilization. via studying the character, association, and transformation of authority through the years, Dabashi conveys either continuities and disruptions inherent within the improvement of a brand new political tradition. it really is this procedure, he argues, that bills for the elemental styles of authority in Islam that eventually formed, in dialectical interplay with exterior old elements, the process Islamic civilization.
The booklet starts off via studying the vital features of authority in pre-Islamic Arab society. Dabashi describes the imposition of the Muhammadan charismatic circulation on pre-Islamic Arab tradition, tracing the adjustments it brought within the textile of pre-Islamic Arabia. He examines the continuities and alterations that undefined, concentrating on the concept that of authority, and the formation of the Sunnite, Shiite, and Karajite branches of Islam as political expressions of deep cultural cleavages. For Dabashi, the formation of those branches used to be the inevitable consequence of the conflict among pre-Islamic styles of authority and people of the Muhammadan charismatic flow. In flip, they molded either the harmony and the variety of the rising Islamic tradition. Authority in Islam explains how this got here to be.
Dabashi employs Weber's proposal of charismatic authority in describing Muhammad and his mode of authority as either a version and some degree of departure. His function isn't really to provide serious verification or competition to interpretation of historic occasions, yet to indicate a brand new method of the present literature. The publication is a vital contribution to political sociology in addition to the research of Islamic tradition and civilization. Sociologists, political scientists, and center japanese experts will locate this research of specific value.
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Extra resources for Authority in Islam: From the Rise of Muhammad to the Establishment of the Umayyads
This incident also indicated that such associations were transtribal and, in fact, superimposed upon tribal obligations. Munadamah was not the only institutional form of transtribal association Traditional Arab Authority 31 and obligation. Alienated from the Banu Umayyah faction of the Quraysh tribe, cAbd al-Muttalib approached both Banu al-Najjar of Yathrib and Banu Khazacah of Mecca for alliance. The latter accepted his bid, and a coalition between Banu Hashim and Banu Khazacah was superimposed against the natural tribal affinity of the Quraysh.
Here, the authority of the past became as natural and as abiding as the physical presence of a father or the flow of blood in the veins. Under the particular circumstances of a tribal life, in which all expressions of social solidarity are in a state of flux, these two symbols of traditional authority guarantee a measure of continuity and permanence in an otherwise transitory life. The structure of traditional authority in pre-Muhammadan Arabia was expressed nowhere more emphatically and explicitly than in the hostilities between the two clans of Banu Hashim and Banu cAbd Shams.
Here merchants traded their goods, poets recited their poetry, pilgrims performed their rites, tribal chiefs consolidated their power, clans substantiated their solidarity, and above all the Qurayshite Meccans exercised their authority. Kacbah grew in significance by incorporating Arab deities other than those of the Quraysh and their immediate allies. It grew into a full-fledged pantheon of Arab deities. cUkaz was the most eminent expression of the Quraysh's religious and political authority. It was also the microcosm of the pre-Islamic Arab culture.
Authority in Islam: From the Rise of Muhammad to the Establishment of the Umayyads by Hamid Dabashi