By Jae Ho Chung
China and South Korea have come far due to the fact that they have been adversaries. The arc in their courting because the overdue Seventies is a wonderful version of East-West cooperation and, while, highlights the becoming impression of China's "rise" over its local pals, together with America's shut allies. South Korea-China relatives have not often been studied as an self reliant topic. the buildup of greater than fifteen years of analysis, among best friend and associate reconstructs a finished portrait of Sino-Korean rapprochement and examines the strategic obstacle that the increase of China has posed for South Korea and its alliance with the USA. Jae Ho Chung uses declassified executive data, inner experiences, and opinion surveys and conducts own interviews with Korean, chinese language, and American officers. He tackles 3 questions: Why did South Korea and China reconcile ahead of the top of the chilly struggle? How did rapprochement lay the foundation for diplomatic normalization? And what is going to the intersection of safety matters and financial necessity with China suggest for South Korea's courting with its shut best friend, the United States?The implications of Sino-Korean kin move a long way past the Korean Peninsula. South Korea used to be stuck principally unprepared, either strategically and psychologically, through China's upward thrust, and the issue that South Korea now faces has an important ramifications for plenty of international locations in Asia, the place makes an attempt to counterbalance China were infrequent. completely investigated and obviously offered, this publication solutions severe questions bearing on what saved those nations conversing and the way enmity used to be reworked right into a zeal for partnership. (Vol 191 - 9/1/07)
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Extra info for Between Ally and Partner: Korea-China Relations and the United States
The Sino-Soviet schism in the late 1950s and the subsequent friction between the two were due in significant part to China’s unwillingness to swallow Soviet direction. China’s perennial concern with survival had necessitated its initial strategic alignment with the Soviet Union (yi bian dao) and then later with the United States (yi tiao xian). However, China was always keenly aware of the systemic constraints imposed by the strategic reliance on any single superpower. In 1982, China finally opted for a “confident independent” (duli zizhu) route of diplomacy.
Moving toward the mid-twentieth century, as the polarized geopolitical structure of the cold war was forming in Asia and elsewhere, the continental alliance (the People’s Republic of China and the Soviet Union) was once again poised against the maritime allies (Japan and the United States) over the Korean Peninsula, where its own polarization was occurring. While ideology was undoubtedly a crucial issue of contention between these two camps, geopolitical necessity was at the very heart of the confrontation.
In this initiation phase, Beijing was extremely cautious and highly sensitive to any slight sign of discontent on the part of Pyongyang. The bilateral economic relationship at this point was thus extremely volatile, as China and South Korea were both testing the waters and highly sensitive to the reactions South Korea–China Relations Before 1988 33 they might get from North Korea and, to a lesser extent, Taiwan, respectively. Despite all this, the indirect trade between the two expanded more than seven times, from US$19 million in 1979 to US$134 million in 1983.
Between Ally and Partner: Korea-China Relations and the United States by Jae Ho Chung