By Heath B. Grant
Supply examines the criminal socialization of youths via conceptualizing criminal reasoning (how youths cause concerning the significance of principles and legislation) as a resiliency variable which could mediate the detrimental affects of hazard components drawn from the criminological literature on self-reported delinquency. Grant’s research additionally examines the results of criminal tradition on socialization via adolescence perceptions of the legitimacy of legislations enforcement. The pattern of over 10,000 Mexican youths engaging in a state-wide application designed to absolutely effect perceptions regarding ideas and legislation is unheard of within the felony socialization literature.
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Additional info for Building a Culture of Lawfulness: Law Enforcement, Legal Reasoning, And Deliquency Among Mexican Youth
Although many teenagers are unwilling or resistant to complying with laws or rules that they disagree with or that interfere with their activities, over time they become increasingly sensitive to issues involving unfairness, injustice, and human rights (Ibid). Adelson, Green, and O’Neil (1969) found that younger children emphasized the restrictive, punitive aspects of laws and law enforcement. Between the ages of 13 and 15 youths in their study reported more abstract thinking about the law, understanding the community benefits of the law, and even of possible improper legal restriction of some of their liberties.
This progression in the development of “values, attitudes, and behaviors toward the law” (Finckenauer, 1995) is best captured in the theory of legal development, first proposed by Tapp and Levine (1974), based primarily on the earlier work of Kohlberg. Although following Kohlberg’s universal age-related sequence of stages, legal reasoning instead focuses more specifically on creating a “conceptual framework for interpreting, defining and making decisions about roles and rules, rights and responsibilities” (Tapp and Levine 1974: 22-23).
Beginning with Kohlberg (1969, 1976, 1984, 1986), and carrying through to the early formulation of legal development theory offered by Tapp and Levine (1974), role taking was offered as the principal means of interaction between the cognitive internal structures of the individual and the environment. The current chapter will draw on legitimacy theory to highlight the varying opportunities for role-taking available in different legal and class contexts, and thus expanding theoretical discussion on how legitimacy can impact upon legal reasoning level.
Building a Culture of Lawfulness: Law Enforcement, Legal Reasoning, And Deliquency Among Mexican Youth by Heath B. Grant