Zeynep Kezer's Building Modern Turkey: State, Space, and Ideology in the PDF

By Zeynep Kezer

ISBN-10: 0822963906

ISBN-13: 9780822963905

Building smooth Turkey deals a severe account of ways the outfitted surroundings mediated Turkey’s transition from a pluralistic (multiethnic and multireligious) empire right into a sleek, homogenized countryside following the cave in of the Ottoman Empire on the finish of worldwide battle I. Zeynep Kezer argues that the planned dismantling of ethnic and spiritual enclaves and the spatial practices that ensued have been as quintessential to conjuring up a feeling of nationwide cohesion and facilitating the operations of a latest countryside as have been the production of a brand new capital, Ankara, and different websites and prone that embodied a brand new smooth lifestyle. The e-book breaks new flooring via analyzing either the inventive and harmful forces at play within the making of contemporary Turkey and via addressing the overpowering frictions in this profound transformation and their long term outcomes. through contemplating spatial ameliorations at diversified scales—from the adventure of the person self in house to that of foreign geopolitical disputes—Kezer additionally illuminates the concrete and performative dimensions of fortifying a political ideology, one who instills within the inhabitants a feeling of club in and allegiance to the kingdom certainly competing loyalties and guarantees its longevity.

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Additional resources for Building Modern Turkey: State, Space, and Ideology in the Early Republic

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Sovereignty and their legitimacy as the self-appointed agents of modernization in Turkey, and Ankara provided just that in practice and in theory. AN INVISIBLE ANK AR A The second trope presented Ankara as a contemporary miracle, a modern capital built from scratch, through republican ingenuity and determination. Propaganda publications publicized the city’s new public and institutional structures, its wide and straight avenues lined with sapplings, its proud monuments and verdant parks. Ankara’s happy residents also appeared in these places: students in modern schools, riding horses or playing tennis, enjoying a leisurely afternoon on Atatürk’s model farm, or parading in the stadium in celebration of the nation’s enormous achieve24 P O L I T I C A L C A P I TA L ments within such a short time.

With its walllike wide base running above eye level, the monument all but blocked the 43 P O L I T I C A L C A P I TA L view toward the Assembly, the construction of which had already been postponed. The disintegration of the plans for the Government Quarters affected Ankara’s overall urban form and its long-term patterns of growth. As a result of the shift in the axis, Milli Müdafaa (National Defense) Avenue, which formed the western edge of the site lost importance and atrophied. In contrast, Atatürk Boulevard, which defined the eastern edge, flourished.

These structures designed in the Ottoman revivalist style were the work of architects recruited from the Istanbul Fine Arts Academy (Giulio Mongieri) or defunct Ottoman agencies (Kemaleddin Bey, Vedat Tek, Arif Hikmet Koyunoğlu). Their architecture combined distinctly modern building programs with a beaux arts–style compositional 32 P O L I T I C A L C A P I TA L sensibility and Ottoman-inspired decorative features, which conferred on them a recognizable character. Although they were fitting choices in terms of their massing and the street definition they provided, these mostly institutional structures were not enough to fill up the large gaps in the landscape; their intricate detailing prolonged their construction and increased their costs.

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Building Modern Turkey: State, Space, and Ideology in the Early Republic by Zeynep Kezer


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