By Alexander X. Byrd
Jamestown and Plymouth function iconic pictures of British migration to the hot global. A century later, in spite of the fact that, while British migration used to be at its top, the majority of males, girls, and youngsters crisscrossing the Atlantic on English ships have been of African, no longer English, descent. Captives and Voyagers, a compelling examine from Alexander X. Byrd, strains the departures, voyages, and landings of enslaved and unfastened blacks who left their homelands within the eighteenth century for British colonies and examines how displacement and resettlement formed migrant society and, in flip, Britain's Atlantic empire. Captives and Voyagersbreaks clear of the normal snapshot of transatlantic migration and illustrates how black women and men, enslaved and unfastened, got here to populate the perimeters of an Anglo-Atlantic global. even if as settlers in Sierra Leone or as slaves in Jamaica, those migrants introduced a deep and affecting adventure of being in movement to their new homelands, and as they grew to become firmly ensconced within the details in their new neighborhood conditions they either formed and have been themselves molded via the calls for of the British Atlantic international, of which they have been a vital part.Byrd specializes in the 2 biggest and most vital streams of black dislocation: the pressured immigration of Africans from the Biafran inside of present-day southeastern Nigeria to Jamaica as a part of the British slave exchange and the emigration of unfastened blacks from nice Britain and British North the US to Sierra Leone in West Africa. via paying specific realization to the social and cultural results of transatlantic migration at the teams themselves and focusing besides on their position within the British Empire, Byrd illuminates the which means and event of slavery and liberty for individuals whose trips have been equally beset via severe violence and catastrophe.By following the flow of this consultant inhabitants, Captives and Voyagers presents a very important view of the British colonial world--its intersection with the African diaspora.
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Extra resources for Captives and Voyagers: Black Migrants Across the Eighteenth-Century British Atlantic World (Antislavery, Abolition, and the Atlantic World)
The slave ship was itself a kind of city, a crucible where the name foisted upon slaves during their treks through the hinterland and at the littoral developed further into captives’ new society. indd 31 10/15/08 10:17:04 AM t wo The Slave Ship and the Beginnings of Igbo Society in the African Diaspor a What did it mean to be an Igbo man or woman in the eighteenth-century Atlantic world? Was it a shared language? A spate of common beliefs and practices? A way of viewing the world? Scholars who have addressed Igbo society and culture in the African diaspora have tended to answer such questions affirmatively.
The conversation completely unnerved Equiano: I had before entertained hopes of getting home, and I had determined when it should be dark to make the attempt; but I was now convinced it was fruitless, and I began to consider that, if possibly I could escape all other animals, I could not those of the human kind; and that, not knowing the way, I must perish in the woods. 31 Separated from his homeland by several months and many miles, Equiano resigned himself to the possibility that he might never again see his family.
Wrote Falconbridge: “From twenty to thirty canoes, capable of containing thirty or forty negroes each, are assembled for this purpose; and such goods put on board them as they expect will be wanted for the purchase of the number of slaves intended to buy. ”38 The coastal traders loaded their canoes with goods acquired “on trust” from slave ship captains, and they were sometimes obliged to visit several markets before returning with a full complement. When supply was greatest, trading firms on the coast were capable of delivering enormous numbers of slaves.
Captives and Voyagers: Black Migrants Across the Eighteenth-Century British Atlantic World (Antislavery, Abolition, and the Atlantic World) by Alexander X. Byrd