Get Centers and Peripheries in Knowledge Production PDF

By Leandro Rodriguez Medina

ISBN-10: 0415840791

ISBN-13: 9780415840798

This booklet examines the circulate of information inside of globalization, concentrating on the diversities among facilities and peripheries of information creation within the social sciences. It explores not in simple terms how wisdom is appropriated in peripheral fields but additionally how overseas rules form these fields and the trajectories of students, and makes use of actor-network concept to provide an explanation for flow of data as an extension of socio-technical networks that go beyond borders.

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Example text

It is from the centrality of communication within a field that the notion of capital, be it scientific, academic, or intellectual, fi nally emerges. The idea of scientific capital rests partially on the objects that facilitate communication and mediate between scientists, from journals to grants to office space. By focusing on the social relations within—and beyond—the field, Bourdieu has underestimated the role of technological devices and of other objects used in scientific activities. In order to shed some light on this, it is necessary to focus on recent studies in STS, especially ANT and the social constructionist approach.

7 This section has shown that science as a particular field is situated in social worlds and that social worlds serve as a context for scientific activities. The different fields shape themselves, and each other, in a dynamic tension according to negotiations, conflicts, exchanges, and competition. One of the outcomes of such processes in relation to science is the establishment of two groups: scientists (and scientific institutions) and non-scientists or the public (and non-scientific institutions), the latter being a heterogeneous group that may influence science through public policies and private involvement.

Communication in scientific fields is not only a way to make public new fi ndings, theories, or methodologies but also a process through which the scientists set boundaries and acquire their identity by including some actors as interlocutors and excluding others. ‘Through extended communication, participants in (fields) characteristically generate, adopt, or adapt ideologies about how their work should be done and debate about both their activities and others’ actions that may affect them’ (Clarke 1991: 131–32).

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Centers and Peripheries in Knowledge Production by Leandro Rodriguez Medina

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