By Lisa Hannestad, Vladimir Stolba
A renewed curiosity in chronological difficulties has surfaced in recent times. during this quantity deriving from the 1st foreign convention of the Danish nationwide learn Foundation's Centre for Black Sea reports, 13 contributions by way of students from Russia, Ukraine, Romania, united states, Canada, Belgium and Denmark evaluate and speak about the weather upon which the chronology utilized in Black Sea archaeology and heritage within the interval c. 400-100 BC is outfitted. the topics contain: amphora and amphora stamp chronologies (Mark Lawall; Sergej Ju. Monachov; Niculae Conovici; Vladimir Stolba), coin chronology (Francois de Callatay, Athenian pottery (Susan I. Rotroff), epigraphic proof (Jakob Munk Hojte), and a few case stories proposing the fabric on that's established the relationship of a chain of Greek and barbarian/non-Greek websites and burial monuments at the northern seashores of the Black Sea (Valentina V. Krapivina; Valeria Bylkova; Lise Hannestad, Miron I. Zolotarev, Ju. P. Zaytsev, Valentina I. Mordvinceva). VLADIMIR STOLBA is Senior Researcher on the Institute of the historical past of fabric tradition, Russian Academy of technological know-how, St Petersburg, and shortly on the Centre for Black Sea stories, Aarhus. LISE HANNESTAD is Senior affiliate Professor on the division for Classical Archaeology, collage of Aarhus.
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Extra resources for Chronologies of the Black Sea Area in the Period c. 400-100 BC (Black Sea Studies)
And yet, the silver coins themselves seem to depend on the bronzes for their date, so neither chronology seems especially secure. As with the amphora stamps, the findspots of significant coins are also problematic. 6 m at the “middle” of Trench A. 80 m deep, so that no material so far secured can be used with assurance as evidence for dating” (Pnyx notebook I, p. 12, Dec. , the coins too constitute marginally later material found in unreliable contexts. The archaeological evidence may be summarized as follows.
This Thasian jar was found in the lower part of the fill and, with the exception of the reported Hellenistic material, the accompanying pottery was all described as dating to the late 5th century. If the accompanying pottery is late 5th century, then the Thasian stamp series, too, should start before 400 BC. On closer examination, however, there is plenty of early 4th century pottery in the fill (Fig. 2). 89 J13-14:1 The second of the deposits mentioned by Grace in 1946 is J13-14:1, fill in and over the Polygonal Drain (an early tributary of the Great Drain).
These other coins, in turn, might depend on a questionable interpretation of the historical sources. Or consider the dating of a single dumped fill of pottery. Some of the types present might span a 50-year period in our cur rent understanding of their production and use; for the sake of illustration consider that to be 300-250 BC. The most common type found in the same deposit might be known to cease production and common use c. 290. In light of the frequent finds of the latter type and given the possibility of the former type being produced and used as early as 300, a closing date well before 250 and much closer to 290 would have to be considered as a strong possibility.
Chronologies of the Black Sea Area in the Period c. 400-100 BC (Black Sea Studies) by Lisa Hannestad, Vladimir Stolba