By Michael Clyne
With no even contemplating the a hundred and fifty Aboriginal languages nonetheless spoken, Australia has an remarkable mixture of languages except English in universal utilization, languages usually defined by way of the time period 'community'. Drawing on census info and different information, this ebook addresses the present suitation of group languages in Australia, analysing that are spoken, via whom, and whereabouts. It makes a speciality of 3 major concerns: how languages except English are maintained in an English talking atmosphere, how the constitution of the languages themselves adjustments over the years, and the way the govt has replied to such ethnolinguistic variety. At a time of remarkable information of those languages inside of society and a realisation of the significance of mutlilingualism in company, this booklet makes an important contribution to knowing the function of group languages in shaping the way forward for Australian society.
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Additional resources for Community Languages: The Australian Experience
34 Community Languages This is usually done by having a speaker with a balanced command of two (or more) languages record a text in each language. Listener informants are led to believe that they are hearing different speakers and yet in this way, extraneous differences between speakers are eliminated. Gallois and Callan (1981) demonstrate an interaction between sex and ethnicity in impressions of their personality. For instance, Italian males were evaluated less positively than Australians, British, French, Greeks and Vietnamese reading the same English passages.
Opportunity to make thousands of our children bilingual — children who can think as well in Italian or Greek or German or Chinese as in English'. This line is continued by the present Liberal premier of the state, Nick Greiner, himself a Hungarian-English bilingual. Community languages featured in Governor-General Sir Ninian Stephen's final Australia Day speech to the nation (1989): The thing that distresses me most is how little most children and grandchildren of overseas-born Australians retain of the culture and especially the language of their lands of origin.
Iii) Unlike the United States, Australia now has a National Policy on Languages (cf. Chapter 5), one which stresses the complementarity of English and other languages. 'We are a long, long way', writes Fishman (1988: 137), 'from a positive language policy, such as the one the Australians have just adopted calling for an active second language (either English or a Community Language Other Than English) for every Australian; indeed, so far away that it would be not only premature but dangerously self-defeating to engage, at any now-foreseeable date, in the requisite discussion out of which such a policy might ultimately flow'.
Community Languages: The Australian Experience by Michael Clyne