By D. D. Raphael
During this attention-grabbing exploration of justice, eminent thinker D. D. Raphael provides the end result of a lifetime's research of its evolution, from precedent days to the overdue 20th century. His target is not only ancient yet philosophical: to light up our real knowing of justice. His special approach examines not just vintage texts via such philosophers as Plato, Aristotle, Hume, Mill, and Rawls but in addition the Bible and Greek tragedy, in addition to a few overlooked yet vital concept from the fashionable period. Lucid and stimulating, this paintings could be loved by way of a person attracted to ethical and political concept, even via people with little to no wisdom of political concept or philosophy.
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Extra info for Concepts of Justice
Owners made judgments about the trustworthiness of midwives who visited their plantations, encouraging some more than others.
They also helped in managing pain, most often by placing an ax or a “rusty piece of tin” under the bed to cut the pain of childbirth. A few tried more drastic methods to aid in desperate cases. ” The midwife tied “a cloth tight round the throats of the agonized women, and by drawing it till she almost suffocated them she produced violent and spasmodic struggles, which . . ”39 The process described by Butler was unusual. Most slave women endured the pain of childbirth without taking such drastic measures.
42 No professionally trained physician—no matter how skilled—could substitute for the midwife, because he lacked basic understanding of the folk beliefs that guided slave behavior. The length of a midwife’s attendance varied from plantation to plantaCopyright © 2000 The President and Fellows of Harvard College BIRTH OF A SLAVE 39 Ex a m Co py tion, but she usually remained nearby for days and continued to consult with the new mother over a period of weeks. Sam Polite, who had been a slave on St.
Concepts of Justice by D. D. Raphael