Download e-book for iPad: Cuneiform Texts in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Tablets, by Ira Spar

By Ira Spar

ISBN-10: 0870994956

ISBN-13: 9780870994951

Cuneiform Texts within the Metropolitan Museum of paintings: pills, Cones, and Bricks of the 3rd and moment Millennia B.C.

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Extra resources for Cuneiform Texts in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Tablets, Cones, and Bricks of the Third and Second Millennia B.C.

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Berber and arabic 33 than Berber as an answer. In the second place, there were many problems in the practicalities of the census; even though it was in principle carried out as a house-to-house survey, data were sometimes provided by village officials. Such a situation could lead to over-representation of Arabic for the afore-mentioned reason; on the other hand, it may also explain the extremely high figures for Berber in some areas, which amount to 100% in quite a number of municipalities. There is no doubt that the census hides Berber in some places; thus the linguistic island of Ghomara Berber is invisible in the statistics.

The Moroccan data from the 2004 census are telling in this respect: large regions in the High Atlas, the Middle Atlas and the Rif have over 95% of Berber speakers. The UNESCO Atlas of the World’s Languages in Danger lists six endangered Berber languages. The first among these is Judeo-Berber. While the endangerment of Berber as spoken by Jews stands beyond doubt, it is questionable that it was very different from neighboring Muslim Berber varieties except for religious terminology; Chetrit (2007) even suggests that many alleged Judeo-Berber communities were basically Arabic-speaking and used Berber only for contacts with Muslims.

Htm. berber and arabic 37 only Berber native speakers. On the other hand, the same speakers con­ sider using Arabic at home to be disrespectful to their parents (Kossmann 2012b). Again, it should be noted that patterns of language use are strongly determined by local and temporal constraints. Thus the northern Mid­ dle Atlas situation is in no way duplicated in the oasis villages of Figuig, where Berber is the language of choice between Berber speakers, and Ara­ bic is only used in conversations with outsiders.

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Cuneiform Texts in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Tablets, Cones, and Bricks of the Third and Second Millennia B.C. by Ira Spar


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