Allen J. Bard, Cynthia Zoski's Electroanalytical Chemistry: A Series of Advances: Volume 24 PDF

By Allen J. Bard, Cynthia Zoski

ISBN-10: 1439837503

ISBN-13: 9781439837504

For greater than 3 a long time the Electroanalytical Chemistry Series has added the main in-depth and significant learn relating to matters in electrochemistry. Volume 24 maintains this gold-standard with sensible studies of contemporary functions in addition to cutting edge contributions from the world over revered experts who spotlight the emergence of latest applied sciences and traits within the field.

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Calibration curves were taken with a background of 10−5 pot M LiNO3. 7 static LDL would be 10 M. 75, with q RT ⋅ 10−6 M, the dynamic detection limit should be ca. 10, top). 02% of Ag+ by Li+ is sufficient to induce an ion flux that determines the LDL. With an inner solution that brings about a replacement of 1% of Ag+ by an interfering ion on the inner membrane side, a significant super-Nernstian response is observed along with the estimated improvement of the LDL by ca. 10, bottom). The theoretical curves are in rather good agreement with the observed responses.

5 Current Compensation As an alternative approach to the chemical optimization steps described above, zero-current ion fluxes can also be compensated for by applying an appropriate external current, causing the migration of ions in the opposite direction [115–119]. 5 M) [115] in transient experiments involving sequential dilutions. A theoretical treatment of steady-state responses in the presence of external currents was based on the phase-boundary potential model and was in good qualitative agreement with the experimental findings [117].

It was assumed that an oxygen half-cell is responsible for the potential at the solid contact/membrane interface, since the membrane is permeable to both O2 and water [129–131]. Various inner layers were proposed to obtain a well-defined electrochemical interface including poly(vinyl ferrocene) [132] and a lipophilic Ag complex [133] (for various other approaches, see [123]). Later, it was found that the formation of a thin aqueous film between membrane and inner electrode [134] also causes potential instabilities [135].

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Electroanalytical Chemistry: A Series of Advances: Volume 24 by Allen J. Bard, Cynthia Zoski

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