By Rosina Lippi-Green
In this bestselling textbook, Rosina Lippi-Green scrutinizes American attitudes in the direction of language. utilizing examples drawn from a number of contexts: the school room, the courtroom, the media and company tradition, she exposes the way discrimination according to accessory services to help and perpetuate social constructions and unequal energy relatives. English with an Accent:
- focuses on language version associated with geography and social identity
- looks at how the media and the leisure paintings to advertise linguistic stereotyping
- examines how employers discriminate at the foundation of accent
- reveals how the judicial approach protects the established order and reinforces language subordination
This attention-grabbing and hugely readable ebook forces us to recognize the ways that language is used to discriminate.
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Extra resources for English with an Accent: Language, Ideology and Discrimination in the United States
Socrates: He often speaks of them – notably and nobly in the places where he distinguishes the different names which gods and men give the same things. Does he not in these passages make a remarkable statement about the correctness of names? For the gods must clearly be supposed to call things by their right and natural names, do you not think so? (Hamilton and Cairns 1961: 429–430) More recently, in an event which is almost certainly apocryphal,16 Miriam “Ma” Ferguson, the first female governor of the State of Texas, expressed the decisive argument against bilingual education (and unwittingly, for more and better history and geography instruction) by drawing on the (for her) ultimate authority: “If English was good enough for Jesus Christ,” she declared, “then it’s good enough for the schoolchildren of Texas” (Handbook of Texas 2009).
Benjamin Zimmer’s weblog post dated April 29, 2006, at Language Log looks at this legend very closely. This is, of course, a fairly modern development. Early writing systems of Western European languages had no regulated orthography, no dictionaries or language pundits. Take, for example, the name Shakespeare, which shows up as Shakespeare, Shakespere, Shakespear, Shackspeare, Shake-speare, Shakspeare, and Shaxberd, to name just a few variants. It’s very hard to imagine anyone in the present day being so lax with spelling.
Our social conventions develop over time, along with a complex set of rationalizations. If a woman stands up in the middle of a restaurant eating linguini with clam sauce with her hands, the owner would probably feel justified in asking the customer to change her behavior or leave. Most people would consider this a reasonable request. But what if when the owner went up to the woman to ask her to leave, she turned into a mouse and disappeared between the floorboards? This possibility had not occurred to you, for the simple reason that it violates all the things we understand about the physical universe.
English with an Accent: Language, Ideology and Discrimination in the United States by Rosina Lippi-Green