Environmental Planning, Policies and Politics in Eastern and - download pdf or read online

By M.A. Mohamed Salih, Shibru Tedla

ISBN-10: 0312225903

ISBN-13: 9780312225902

ISBN-10: 1349276936

ISBN-13: 9781349276936

ISBN-10: 1349276952

ISBN-13: 9781349276950

Stuck among underdevelopment, poverty and environmental degradation, and the necessity for exploiting their ordinary assets for improvement, Africa has, over the past 20 years, been engaged in a significant attempt to combine surroundings and improvement. The 9 case reports (Botswana, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Tanzania, Sudan, Uganda and Zambia) awarded during this booklet discover the complexity fascinated by environmental making plans and coverage in a single of the World's poorest areas. The authors articulate an educated debate, with new conclusions and replacement coverage concepts.

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Additional resources for Environmental Planning, Policies and Politics in Eastern and Southern Africa

Example text

Dung and crop residues are burned because of a lack of wood for fuel. Excessive soil erosion is a phenomenon which mainly occurs in the highlands. Here the surface is rugged, steep and deeply dissected, and slopes exceeding 15 per cent are commonplace. The latest land degradation estimates indicate that out of the 52 million hectares of land making up the highlands of Ethiopia, 14 million are severely ~ded, 13 million hectares are moderately degraded and 2 million hectares have practically lost the minimum soil cover needed to produce crops (Hurni 1988).

Most importantly, this legislation emphasizes the requirement of people's participation in all aspects of development through their grass roots institutions. Sectoral laws have also begun to be revised to reflect the new approaches to environmental management such as participation, comanagement and benefit-sharing (m the case of forestry legislation), and to become more resource-oriented {in the case of mining legislation). For example, the present forestry legislation emphasizes people's participation and benefit-sharing by communities in the management of forest resources.

Self-involvement ensures the development of institutions in accordance with the wishes of its members. Traditional or newly-created community organizations which have evolved through self-involvement are a sirr qua nm for genuine participation. One would have thought that the purpose of establishing the various mass organizations such as the Peasant Associations and Urban Dweller Associations was to provide the people with the organizational or institutional means for, among other things, participation in the Environmental Policies and Politics in Eastern and Southern Africa 33 development endeavors, including natural resource management.

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Environmental Planning, Policies and Politics in Eastern and Southern Africa by M.A. Mohamed Salih, Shibru Tedla

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