By David James
During this examine of Fichte's social and political philosophy, David James deals an interpretation of Fichte's most renowned writings during this region, together with his Foundations of usual correct and Addresses to the German country, focused on major subject matters: estate and advantage. those issues give you the foundation for a dialogue of such concerns as what it capability to assure the liberty of all of the electorate of a nation, the matter of unequal family of monetary dependence among states, and the diversities and connections among the felony and political sphere of correct and morality. James additionally relates Fichte's crucial social and political principles to these of different vital figures within the historical past of philosophy, together with Locke, Kant and Hegel, in addition to to the novel part of the French Revolution. His account could be of significance to all who're attracted to Fichte's philosophy and its highbrow and political context.
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Additional resources for Fichte's Social and Political Philosophy: Property and Virtue (Modern European Philosophy)
9 To go no further than this, however, amounts to ignoring not only Fichte’s attack on the formalism of other theories of natural right, which he reiterates in his account of original rights, but also his strictures concerning the idea of original rights. 10 He makes such claims because the idea of original rights involves abstracting from the relations of free individuals to each other; whereas it is only within the context of such relations that it makes any real sense to talk about rights. 11 In other words, the right to an object consists in both a relation to an object and a relation to another person by means of this same object, with one person being 9 Cf.
For, on the one hand, the individual is understood as free in relation to the state, insofar as he does not transgress the rights of others; while, on the other hand, the individual is seemingly not free in relation to the state, because he must alienate unreservedly his right to make judgements concerning his rights within the legal and political community of which he is a member. Renaut associates the thesis of this antinomy with liberalism and the antithesis with authoritarianism, and he seeks to show how Fichte resolves the antimony by synthesizing the thesis and antithesis by means of the idea that the all-powerful sovereign is law, which is itself the expression of the sovereignty of the general will, in which there exists a perfect union of all individual wills.
Frischmann, ‘Die Herausbildung des Sozialstaatsdenkens im neuzeitlichen Kontraktualismus von Hobbes bis Fichte’. 28 GA I / 4: 22; FNR: 185f. 29 GA I / 3: 432; FNR: 133. 36 fi c h te ’ s so c i a l a n d p ol i t i c a l ph i lo s o p h y In order to prevent property rights from becoming destabilized by the way in which someone who is unable to live from his labour would no longer be obliged to respect the property of others, the government must take steps to ensure that each person is actually able to live from his labour, which may require taking part of the property of others and making it available to the person who is unable to live from his labour.
Fichte's Social and Political Philosophy: Property and Virtue (Modern European Philosophy) by David James