By B. O'Rourke
An exploration of the position of language attitudes and ideologies in predicting the survival customers of a minority language. It examines this function via a cross-national comparative research of Irish within the Republic of eire and Galician within the self reliant neighborhood of Galicia in north-west Spain.
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Additional resources for Galician and Irish in the European Context: Attitudes Towards Weak and Strong Minority Languages (Palgrave Studies in Minority Languages and Communities)
Edwards (1984: 494) admits that while the view that the National School system, the Catholic clergy and Daniel O’Connell were the killers of Irish, is an oversimplification, all of these do relate to the declining prestige of Irish, increasingly associated with rural backwardness, poverty and an unsophisticated peasantry, and the power of a formidable language with two great nations behind it. Thus as de Fréine states, with regard to the Irish decline: The worst excesses were not imposed from outside.
De Fréine 1977: 83–4) In the twentieth century, language shift to English continued and, according to the 1926 Census, only 18 per cent of those living in what is currently the Republic of Ireland were returned as Irish speakers. As well as constituting a numerically weak linguistic minority, these remaining Irish speakers possessed little in terms of social status. The occupational structure of Irish-speaking communities in the 1926 Census shows that the majority was engaged in small-scale farming and fishing.
The more status a linguistic group is recognized to have, the more vitality it can be said to possess as a collective entity’ (Giles et al. 1977: 309). ’s model is broken down into three separate attributes including ‘social status’, ‘economic status’ and ‘linguistic status’. ). Giles et al. note that ethnolinguistic groups whose demographic trends are favourable are more likely to have vitality as distinctive groups than those whose demographic trends are unfavourable and less conducive to group’s survival.
Galician and Irish in the European Context: Attitudes Towards Weak and Strong Minority Languages (Palgrave Studies in Minority Languages and Communities) by B. O'Rourke