By John Walbridge
This publication investigates the vital function of cause in Islamic highbrow existence. regardless of common characterization of Islam as a method of trust dependent in basic terms on revelation, John Walbridge argues that rational tools, now not fundamentalism, have characterised Islamic legislations, philosophy, and schooling because the medieval interval. His examine demonstrates that this medieval Islamic rational culture used to be adverse through either modernists and fundamentalists, leading to a basic cave in of conventional Islamic highbrow existence and its alternative by means of extra sleek yet a ways shallower varieties of inspiration. even though, the assets of this Islamic scholarly culture stay a vital part of the Islamic highbrow culture and should end up important to its revival. the way forward for Islam, Walbridge argues, should be marked by means of a go back to rationalism.
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Extra resources for God and Logic in Islam: The Caliphate of Reason
Al¯ah. til¯ah. ; Cairo: D¯ar al-Ma‘¯arif, 1989); trans. Eerick Dickinson, rev. Muneer Fareed, as An Introduction to the Science of the H . , 2006). 10; trans. Franz Rosenthal, vol. 2, pp. 447–63, and Muhammad ibn ‘Abd All¯ah al-H . a¯ kim al-N¯ıs¯ab¯ur¯ı, al-Madkhal il¯a Ma‘rifat al-Ikl¯ıl, trans. James Robson as An Introduction to the Science of Tradition (London, Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, 1953). The classical collections of hadith are now available in English in translations of various qualities.
The second assumption of the hadith scholars was that the historically contingent can be known only by report. This, of course, is largely true. The date of the Battle of Q¯adis¯ıya cannot be deduced by reason; it can only be known through the reports of eyewitnesses. Language and linguistic phenomena fall into the same category. 53. s al-H . ikam, ed. A. A. ‘Af¯ıf¯ı (Beirut: D¯ar al-Kit¯ab al-‘Arab¯ı, 1946), p. 53; trans. R. W. J. Austin, The Bezels of Wisdom (Classics of Western Spirituality; New York: Paulist Press, 1980), p.
Rational Beliefs” by Christopher Cherniak; “Rationalism” by Peter J. Markie on the European rationalists; “Rationality and Cultural Relativism” by Lawrence H. Simon; “Rationality of Belief” by Jonathan E. Adler; and “Rationality, Practical” by Jean Hampton, but these do not develop a coherent theory of rationality and reason as a whole. 15 16 GOD AND LOGIC IN ISLAM the world. It is not difficult to identify comparable competing notions of rationality in Islamic civilization. Clearly we are not dealing with a single, unambiguous concept.
God and Logic in Islam: The Caliphate of Reason by John Walbridge