By Elsa João (auth.), Professor Dr. Michael Schmidt, Dr. Elsa João, Dr. Eike Albrecht (eds.)
More nations are actually utilizing Strategic Environmental review (SEA) than ever sooner than. This well timed and entire instruction manual describes the implementation of SEA in 18 international locations worldwide, in addition to a serious research of other SEA methodologies. The instruction manual begins via introducing key SEA rules and the felony specifications of the hot eu SEA Directive (which turned legislation in 2004). It then describes the implementation of SEA in eleven ecu Union nations, in addition to the united states, Canada and New Zealand. this is often contrasted with SEA requisites of 4 constructing international locations. The instruction manual explores public participation concerns and the wide-range of SEA methodologies utilized in phrases of assets (soils, water and biodiversity) and sectors of task (transport, agriculture, waste administration and industry). The instruction manual concludes with a dialogue on top perform, skill development and the way forward for SEA.
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Extra info for Implementing Strategic Environmental Assessment
The Sixth Environmental Action Programme from 22 July 2002 (OJ L 242, p 1), valid now for ten years from 2002 until 2012 is based on the fundamental environmental principles of European environmental law. This Programme was enacted politically in the co-decision procedure (Art. 251 EC Treaty) and is based on the (new) competence provision of Art. 175 para 3 EC Treaty which was amended with the Treaty of Amsterdam in 1997. The Sixth Environmental Action Programme is agreed with all Member States’ governments (via the Council), with the European Parliament and with the Commission.
4 d) the emphasis is on the flow between the strategic-decision making stages and the SEA stages exist only to inform decision-making. The integrated model (II) shows more than any other how the ultimate aim is not to carry out the SEA per se but to use the SEA to achieve the best strategic decision possible. Using the integrated model (II) as a basis, Fig. 5 shows the main strategicdecision making stages and how they are affected by SEA. Interestingly, SEA’s influence occurs right from the start in the improvement of the objective of the strategic action.
E. what alternative should be chosen. There are different types of alternatives at strategic level, such as (based on Thérivel and Partidário 1996): x x x x x x ‘Do nothing’ or ‘continue with present trends’ option. g. reduce the demand for water through water metering. g. build new houses in existing towns versus in new towns. g. produce energy by coal or wind. g. toll roads or congestion charges. g. waste management by recycling or incineration. The SEA Directive, for example, is very clear on the need for alternatives and requires the consideration of “reasonable alternatives (to the plan) taking into account the objectives and the geographical scope of the plan”.
Implementing Strategic Environmental Assessment by Elsa João (auth.), Professor Dr. Michael Schmidt, Dr. Elsa João, Dr. Eike Albrecht (eds.)