By Britannica Educational Publishing,Laura S. Etheredge
Commemorated because the cradle of civilization because the days of historical Mesopotamia, Iraq served as an highbrow and cultural heart within the Arab global for far of its heritage. Unwilling to allow the turbulence of the 20 th and twenty first centuries eclipse their wealthy tradition and society, the Iraqi humans pastime to safe a hopeful, filthy rich destiny for his or her nation. This considerate quantity chronicles the key occasions in Iraqi historical past and the traditions, customs, and concepts that experience formed its trajectory because the Arab conquests.
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Additional info for Iraq
Between 1969 and 1980, however, they—and many Arabs whom the regime defined as Persian—were deported to Iran. Kurds have traditionally populated the northeast, and Sunni Arabs have traditionally predominated in central Iraq. During the 1980s the Ba‘th regime forcibly moved tens of thousands of Kurds from regions along the Iranian border, with many Kurds dying in the process, and subsequently relocated large numbers of Arabs to areas traditionally inhabited by Kurds, particularly in and around the city of Karkūk.
The Lur, a group speaking an Iranian language, live near the Iranian border, and a small number of Armenians are found predominantly in Baghdad and in pockets throughout the north. About two-thirds of Iraq’s population are Arab, and about one-fourth are Kurds; there are also smaller minority groups. AFP/Getty Images ARABS Iraq’s Arab population is divided between Sunni Muslims and the more numerous Shī‘ites. These groups, however, are for the most part ethnically and linguistically homogenous, and—as is common throughout the region—both value family relations strongly.
Led coalition’s supply lines, and, shortly after the onset of the war, British troops engaged in a methodical siege operation against Iraqi army and paramilitary forces in and around the city. After two weeks of fighting, Al-Baṣrah fell. British armed forces occupied and governed the region until December 2007, when security responsibilities were returned to the Iraqi government. The modern city of Al-Baṣrah is an agglomeration of three small towns, Al-Baṣrah, Al-Ashār, and Al-Ma‘qil, and several small villages.
Iraq by Britannica Educational Publishing,Laura S. Etheredge