By Efraim Karsh
From the 1st Arab-Islamic Empire of the mid-seventh century to the Ottomans, the final nice Muslim empire, the tale of the center East has been the tale of the increase and fall of common empires and, no less significant, of imperialist desires. So argues Efraim Karsh during this hugely provocative publication. Rejecting the normal Western interpretation of heart japanese background as an offshoot of world energy politics, Karsh contends that the region's event is the fruits of long-existing indigenous tendencies, passions, and styles of behaviour, and that most excellent between those is Islam's millenarian imperial culture. the writer explores the background of Islam's imperialism and the patience of the Ottoman imperialist dream that outlasted international struggle I to hang-out Islamic and center japanese politics to the current day. September eleven should be visible as easily the most recent expression of this dream, and such assaults have little to do with U.S. overseas behaviour or coverage within the heart East, says Karsh. the home of Islam's conflict for global mastery is conventional, certainly venerable, and it's a quest that's faraway from over.
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Additional resources for Islamic Imperialism: A History
13 Whether Umar actually justified his action in these particular words or whether they were a later attempt to legitimize an existing situation (it is common in Muslim tradition to represent rules established after Muhammad’s death as ordinances of Umar), the decision effectively extended Muhammad’s designation of Islam as the cornerstone of the political order to the entire Middle East. This principle would be maintained for over a millennium until the collapse of the Ottoman Empire in the wake of World War I and the subsequent abolition of the caliphate.
With the passage of time this policy of expansion increasingly taxed the empire’s human and financial resources. 46 But his premature death prevented the implementation of this dramatic shift in thinking, and Hisham ibn Abdel Malik, who ascended the throne in 724, spent his nineteen-year reign in constant, and mostly futile, campaigning throughout his empire. This shattered the professional Syrian-Yemeni army, which had served as the mainstay of Umayyad rule since Mu’awiya’s days. By the time of the Abbasid revolution, the once-formidable military district of Damascus had been reduced to a few thousand troops, and the situation in the neighboring Syrian provinces was not much better.
Meanwhile the early prohibition on Muslims from using foreign languages, as well as the prevention of Christians from learning the Arabic language and using the Arabic script, gave way to a growing sense of linguistic and cultural unity as the second generation of Amsar residents tended to be of mixed parentage and bilingual. On the other hand, Arabic penetrated the conquered peoples to such an extent that at the beginning of the eighth century it had evolved into the official imperial language.
Islamic Imperialism: A History by Efraim Karsh