By Paul Bowles, Lawrence T. Woods, P. Bowles, L.T. Woods
As Japan involves grips with a decade of monetary malaise after its surprising post-war development checklist, how will eastern society react? members to this quantity learn the demanding situations forward for Japan within the fields of politics, economics, sociology, surroundings and company. This multidisciplinary inquiry seems for parts of continuity and for brand spanking new instructions in executive, enterprise and social coverage and perform. additionally tested is how Western scholars should still process the learn of Japan; what new instructions may still associations take to make sure that scholars know about the `real' Japan? Written via Canadian lecturers, the articles during this quantity may be of curiosity to teachers and policy-makers learning or educating approximately modern Japan.
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Extra resources for Japan after the Economic Miracle: In Search of New Directions
The task of evaluation will be left to the concluding section. Culturalist interpretation Since the sokaiya appear to be a uniquely Japanese phenomenon, a culturalist must somehow provide an explanation for their existence rooted in cultural differences. It is important to keep in mind that this does not imply a position with respect to the relative overall propensity to commit criminal acts across cultures. It simply requires that there be specific cultural factors which contribute to this particular form of deviance.
46 T. Ursacki While van Wolferen's analysis at times seems to border on a conspiracy theory, numerous other authors have adopted a similar institutionalist approach to explaining Japanese behaviour. Aoki Masahiko is perhaps the most rigorous economic modeller of Japanese business practices. " (1988: 4). The loyalty of Japanese employees is explained not as a feudal carryover, but results because: "midcareer separation, although not infrequent ... carries a financial penalty" (p. 58). Aoki (1984) has a collection of such work by various Japanese and Western analysts who share the view that "in spite of the apparent uniqueness of Japanese economic institutions ...
Kaplan and Dubro (1986: 169) suggest that "the need of the Japanese to save face creates a unique climate in which a whole range of extortionist crimes can thrive ... " Similarly, Wood (1994) argues that "the powerful concept of face in Japan, the concern at all times to avoid confrontation or even mere embarrassment, makes the Japanese vulnerable to extortion and also peculiarly willing to pay for the services of extortionists". These authors suggest that embarrassment is so strongly abhorred in Japan that the Japanese may be willing to pay to cover up incidents that managers of other nationalities would have been prepared, however reluctantly, to face in public.
Japan after the Economic Miracle: In Search of New Directions by Paul Bowles, Lawrence T. Woods, P. Bowles, L.T. Woods