By Pete Mandik
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Additional resources for Key Terms in Philosophy of Mind
One way of putting a point on the problem is to note that it seems conceivable that two beings can be alike physically and behaviorally yet diverge with respect to WHAT IT IS LIKE for each of them to have their respective conscious states (see INVERTED SPECTRUM) or with respect to whether they even have conscious states (see ZOMBIE). Given the conceivability of something’s being physically like me while having different or no qualia, it seems especially difficult to explain why my qualia are the way they are or even why I have any at all.
Some philosophers and psychologists have used the existence of such ambiguous figures to argue that the nature of PERCEPTION is underdetermined by either SENSATION or the INFORMATION transduced by the sensory receptors. See UNDERDETERMINATION, PERCEPTUAL. dynamic systems theory, a branch of mathematics describing the behavior of complex systems in terms of differential equations. Dynamic systems theory 38 dynamic systems theory has been promoted by some philosophers of mind and cognitive scientists (see COGNITIVE SCIENCE) as a way of thinking about COGNITIVE ARCHITECTURE that is distinct from both SYMBOLICISM and CONNECTIONISM.
These experiences, at least sometimes, accurately represent the objective (see OBJECTIVITY) colors of physical objects. Yet a third theory, dispositionalism, identifies colors with dispositions of physical objects to cause certain kinds of experiences in observers. See also PRIMARY QUALITITIES; SECONDARY QUALITIES. compositionality, the alleged constituency of THOUGHTS out of elements common to distinct thoughts. For example, concerning the three distinct thoughts (1) dogs sleep, (2) cats eat, and (3) dogs eat, an advocate of the hypothesis of the compositionality of thought might say that (3) is composed of elements one of which it has in common with (1), namely, the MENTAL REPRESENTATION dogs and the other of which it has in common with (2), namely, the mental computation representation eat.
Key Terms in Philosophy of Mind by Pete Mandik