By Thomas J. Pluckhahn
The first accomplished and systematic research of a wooded area interval ceremonial center.
Kolomoki, essentially the most remarkable archaeological websites within the southeastern usa, comprises no less than 9 huge earthen mounds within the reduce Chattahoochee River valley of southwest Georgia. the biggest, Mound A, rises nearly 20 meters above the terrace that borders it. From its flat-topped summit, a customer can survey the string of smaller mounds that shape an arc to the south and west.
Archaeological learn had formerly positioned Kolomoki in the Mississippian interval (ca. A.D. 1000-1500) essentially as a result of the measurement and kind of the mounds. yet this ebook offers information for the most interval of profession and mound building that be certain an prior date, within the forest interval (ca. A.D. 350-750). although the long-standing confusion over Kolomoki’s relationship has now been settled, questions stay concerning the lifeways of its population. Thomas Pluckhahn's study has recovered facts in regards to the point of web site profession and the home kinds and day-by-day lives of its dwellers. He offers right here a brand new, revised historical past of Kolomoki from its founding to its eventual abandonment, with specific cognizance to the financial system and rite on the settlement.
This learn makes an incredible contribution to the knowledge of heart diversity societies, rather the style within which rite may perhaps either point and intensify prestige differentiation inside of them. It presents a readable evaluate of 1 of crucial yet traditionally least understood prehistoric local American websites within the United States.
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Additional info for Kolomoki: Settlement, Ceremony, and Status in the Deep South, A.D. 350 to 750
Cambron and Hulse (1990:19) note that the Bradley Spike type is found in a wide span of Woodland contexts in Alabama. However, the type is rare at Early and Middle Woodland sites in northern Georgia (Pluckhahn 1998a:347; Wood and Ledbetter 1988:96). Consistent with my association of this type primarily with the later phases at Kolomoki, only two spikes are represented in the larger Kolomoki I phase assemblage in Block A. My placement of the spike form late in the sequence at Kolomoki also correlates with the work by Snow and Stephenson (1992:144) at the Hartford site, where spikes were found to postdate Bakers Creek and Duval types.
1). Roughly 2 km to the northwest of the site, Little Kolomoki Creek joins the North Prong of Kolomoki Creek to form Kolomoki Creek proper. Kolomoki Creek ®ows into the Chattahoochee River approximately 12 km northwest of the site. The position of the site so far from a major stream is virtually without parallel among the large mound sites in the eastern United States. Kolomoki lies within the Coastal Plain physiographic province. While the Coastal Plain is often characterized as a monotonously low and level plain, in reality the situation is far more complex.
Although McKeithen is located more than 200 km from Kolomoki, it represents one of the few systematically excavated Woodland sites in the region and therefore ¤gures prominently in subsequent discussions. Milanich et al. (1997:37) note that Weeden Island components are relatively common in the area surrounding McKeithen. A large number of Middle and Late Woodland sites have been identi¤ed at Eglin Air Force Base, along the Gulf Coast of Florida. In their summary of work at the base, Thomas and Campbell (1993:599) suggest that there was a signi¤cant increase in the population of the area during these intervals.
Kolomoki: Settlement, Ceremony, and Status in the Deep South, A.D. 350 to 750 by Thomas J. Pluckhahn