By Sarah G. Thomason
Language touch is in every single place: many countries have multiple reputable language, and really potentially most folks on this planet converse or extra languages. What occurs to assorted peoples and to their languages after they come into touch? during this survey of the social, political and linguistic results of language touch, Sarah G. Thomason specializes in what occurs to the languages themselves - occasionally not anything, occasionally new phrases input a language, occasionally new sounds and sentence buildings will unfold throughout many languages in a wide nation-state; extra hardly ever, totally new languages come up in a touch scenario. Conversely, one of many languages involved might vanish completely, and problems with language endangerment and loss of life are explored the following, including chapters on multilingualism, pidgins and creoles, mechanisms of interference and the origins and result of contact-induced language swap. Accessibly written through a number one specialist within the box, this publication is a perfect advent for starting scholars in any respect degrees, and an invaluable source for postgraduates, academics and educational linguists.Key positive factors * Accessibly written by means of a number one determine within the box * resources and additional analyzing supplied for every bankruptcy * global map exhibiting the positioning of the languages mentioned
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Extra info for Language Contact
Of the Michael sociolinguistics Clyne has of written extensively about language contact issues in Australia, especially among immigrant populations; his analysis of language maintenance and shift is from Clyne 1997. The contrast in language shift behavior between GreekAmericans and Italian-Americans in Pennsylvania is from Paulston 1993. The southern African example of women resisting language shift because they are reluctant to submit to the lower status that is grammaticalized in the dominant language is from Peirce and Ridge 1997, citing 1992 research by Robert K.
The plane . . had a ground-proximity warning system, which can sense when an approach is too steep and give an aural warning of ``Pull up! '' The plane descended too steeply, but the crew did not notice because of fog. The cockpit voice recorder showed that 10 seconds before impact, the ground-proximity warning system gave its alarm ± in English. '' (The New York Times, 9 December 1996) `An Islan d Afla m e: Tamil Sepa r atists, Back ed by In di ans, Tea ring Sri Lank a Apa rt ± [T]he Sinhalese majority and Tamil separatists, backed by 50 million Tamils in south India, are fighting again .
It should be emphasized that the single official language in the latter group of countries is likely to be spoken only by a rather small minority of the population, even when, as in Central African Republic and Sierra Leone, another language that is more widely known could have been used. An example: in Zimbabwe, the official language is English, which is spoken by the country's 250,000 whites; but the major Bantu language, Shona, has about four million speakers, and Ndebele, the second most widely spoken Bantu language, has about a million (these figures are from ca.
Language Contact by Sarah G. Thomason