By Peter Burke
Peter Burke explores significant topics within the social and cultural historical past of the languages spoken or written in Europe among the discovery of printing and the French Revolution. One topic is the relation among languages and groups and where of language as a fashion of deciding on others, in addition to a logo of one's personal identification. A moment, associated subject matter is that of pageant: among Latin and the vernaculars, assorted vernaculars, dominant and subordinate, and diversified forms of a similar vernacular.
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Extra info for Languages and Communities in Early Modern Europe (The Wiles Lectures)
Following the main theme of the book, the relation between languages and communities, this section is primarily concerned with the rise of an interest which we would describe today as ‘sociolinguistic’. One of the many reasons for the growing interest in the diversity of languages was the belief that they revealed the nature of the speakers. Ben Jonson made the essential point in epigrammatic form when he declared (following Socrates) that ‘Language most shows a man: speak that I may see thee. 46 Like other playwrights of the period, Jonson exploited this diversity for comic effect, as we shall see.
In thirteenth-century Spain, for example, the standardization of the language associated with King Alfonso the Wise (below, p. 63) implied knowledge of the alternatives to that standard. 2 In Italy, for instance, Dante contributed to the debate on the vernacular in his De vulgari eloquentia, written around the year 1305. ), La consciencia lingu´ıstica en Europa (Barcelona, 1996); for a case-study, Claudio Marazzini, Storia e coscienza della lingua in Italia dall’umanesimo al romanticismo (Turin, 1989).
181–92); Mackenzie quoted in Peter Giles, ‘Dialect in Literature’, in The Scottish Tongue (London, 1924), pp. 91–123, at p. 113. ii, verso; Luis de Le´on quoted in Amado Alonso, Castellano, espa˜nol, idioma nacional (Buenos Aires, 1938), p. 87; Aldrete, Origen, p. 192. Nunes de Le˜ao, Origem, pp. 295–6. 30 Languages and Communities in Early Modern Europe In France, the famous Remarques (1647) by Claude de Vaugelas (discussed below, p. 99) were concerned with distinguishing what the author called la fac¸on de parler and la fac¸on d’escrire of the court and the upper classes from that of the rest of the country.
Languages and Communities in Early Modern Europe (The Wiles Lectures) by Peter Burke