By Edward J. Vajda
The twelve articles during this quantity describe Yeniseic, Samoyedic and Siberian Turkic languages as a linguistic complicated of serious curiosity to typologists, grammarians, diachronic and synchronic linguists, in addition to cultural anthropologists. The articles show how interdependent the disparate languages spoken during this quarter really are. person articles speak about borrowing and language substitute, in addition to examine the advance of language subsystems, resembling numeral phrases in Ket and Selkup. 3 of the articles additionally speak about the historic and anthropological origins of the tribes of this sector. The publication bargains with linguistics from the vantage of either historic anthropology in addition to diachronic and synchronic linguistic constitution. The editor's creation bargains a concise precis of the varied languages of this region, with realization to either their transformations and similarities. a massive function uniting them is their mutual interplay with the original Yeniseic language family members – the single workforce in North Asia outdoors the Pacific Rim that doesn't belong to Uralic or Altaic. with the exception of the papers by way of Anderson and Harrison, the entire articles have been initially written in Russian and they're made on hand in English the following for the 1st time.
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Extra resources for Languages and Prehistory of Central Siberia
Vowel length too is an old feature of all the language groups (perhaps excluding Yeniseic, although this is debatable). e. g. at 'horse' vs. a:t 'name' (cf. Tuvan àt, at, respectively). g. ), the system itself continues the old opposition short vs. long. Dolgan, like most other Turkic languages of Central Siberia, has a basic eight vowel + length system. ), for example Tofa or Xakas. In Enets, ±length is a marginal contrast but is attested in a small number of minimal pairs: tosj 'to come' vs. tōsj 'to arrive'; nara 'spring' vs.
These latter two are found dialectally and/or idiolectally in virtually every Central Siberian language, often resulting from a historical deaffrication of *c and *d3, respectively (Anderson 2001a). 29 THE LANGUAGES OF CENTRAL SIBERIA The palatal nasal is old in some families of the region (Tungusic, ObUgric, Samoyedic), lost or restructured in others (Turkic), and derived in still other groups (Yeniseic); cf. Anderson (2003a, 2003b) for details. g. Northern Yeniseic, southern (Sayan) Samoyedic, Enets and Dolgan.
In terms of the origin at the Proto-Ob-Ugric level, it is often suggested that the comitative derives from a either a pronominal base or a fused postpositional element. g. maa naataaŋeem 'with me', where the first syllable of the postpositional element is cognate with the comitative case suffix in eastern Khanty and southern Mansi. Various Selkup dialects make use of an instrumental-comitative opposition. 7 (53) Instrumental vs. comitative in Selkup dialects (Bekker 1978:136; 139) i- Ust'-Ozyornoe golaj ü:da-n bare hand-INS 'with bare hands' Tjukhterevo tə- leg/foot-lNS 'with his foot' iv.
Languages and Prehistory of Central Siberia by Edward J. Vajda