By Susan Gal, Kathryn Woolard
The essays during this assortment study the general public building of languages, the linguistic building of publics, and the connection among those techniques. Cultural different types akin to named languages, linguistic criteria and genres are the goods of specialist wisdom in addition to of linguistic ideologies extra extensively shared between audio system. Translation, grammars and dictionaries, the policing of correctness, folklore collections and linguistic academies are all a part of the paintings that produces not just languages but in addition social teams and spheres of motion resembling "the public". Such representational techniques are the subject of inquiry during this voume. they're explored as an important points of strength, figuring one of the capability for setting up inequality, enforcing social hierarchy, and mobilizing political action.
Contributions to this quantity examine similar questions: first, how diverse pictures of linguistic phenomena achieve social credibility and political effect; and, secondly, the position of linguistic ideology and practices within the making of political authority. utilizing either old and ethnographic ways, they research empirical instances starting from small-scale societies to multi-ethnic empire, from nineteenth-century linguistic theories to modern mass media, and from Europe to Oceania to the Americas.
Contributors comprise Susan Gal, Kathryn Woolard, Judith Irvine, Richard Bauman, Michael Silverstein, Jane Hill, Joseph Errington, Bambi Schieffelin, Jacqueline Urla and Ben Lee.
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Extra info for Languages and Publics: The Making of Authority
As regards Schoolcraft’s understanding of the nature of Indian narratives, he conceived of them simultaneously and in varying degrees and combinations as literary forms and ethnological data. g. 4 First of all, ‘literary’ meant, in its most general sense, ‘to be read’. Insofar as literacy and access to books were tied to particular social strata, serving as a touchstone of bourgeois attainment, ‘literary’ also carried a dimension of moral meaning, as implying polite learning, marked by standards of taste, decorum, and refinement that needed to be cultivated in the process of literary production.
To find him a man capable of feelings and affections, with a heart open to the wants, and Bauman: Representing Native American Oral Narrative 49 responsive to the ties of social life, was amazing. But the surprise reached its acme, when I found him whiling away a part of the tedium of his long winter evenings in relating tales and legends for the lodge circle. (Schoolcraft 1851a:196) One of the significant implications of this sense of discovery was that Schoolcraft felt a lack of models and precedents to guide his collection, understanding, and rendering of these materials for dissemination to a wider audience.
Both histories acknowledged the ‘Asian’ as opposed to ‘European’ provenance of Hungarian. Both relied on the metaphor of ‘family’ and ‘relatedness’, but had contrasting political implications. One set of linguists, in the name of science and thus a higher Europeanness, accepted the politically less attractive family relation with the simplest of North-Central Asian societies. They wrote about the Hungarian kinship with Voguls, Samoyeds, and Ostyaks, small fishing communities of the upper Volga, living in ‘primitive’ conditions in the wilds of Siberia.
Languages and Publics: The Making of Authority by Susan Gal, Kathryn Woolard