By Jane McLeod
In Licensing Loyalty, historian Jane McLeod explores the evolution of the concept that the royal govt of eighteenth-century France had a lot to worry from the increase of print tradition. She argues that early glossy French printers helped foster this view as they struggled to barter a spot within the increasing bureaucratic equipment of the French kingdom. Printers within the provinces and in Paris relentlessly lobbied the govt., hoping to persuade gurus that printing performed via their advertisement competitors posed a significant possibility to either monarchy and morality. via interpreting the French state's coverage of licensing printers and the at the same time influential relationships among officers and printers, McLeod sheds mild on our realizing of the bounds of French absolutism and the makes use of of print tradition within the political lifetime of provincial France.
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Extra info for Licensing Loyalty: Printers, Patrons, and the State in Early Modern France (Penn State Studies in the History of the Book)
55 The example of newspapers is revealing: in the 1630s, Théophraste Renaudot established the Gazette but very early on had to face the fact that printers in provincial towns also wanted to sell the news in it. In some cases provincial printers went to the local authorities and obtained copyrights. The lieutenant of police in Rouen gave a copyright to Claude LeVillain in Rouen similar to the one that Renaudot had obtained. Facing a ﬁght with the Rouen pirates, Renaudot was forced to compromise, and he also struck deals with provincial printers in Bordeaux in 1638, Tours in 1646, and Toulouse in 1673.
In their desire to promote the publication of Catholic Counter-Reformation literature, kings granted copyrights (privilèges), which helped cement relations between monarchs and printers. The regulation of printing became an important part of the campaign for control. The Aﬀair of the Placards—the simultaneous publication, on 17 October 1534, of broadsheets against the Catholic Eucharist in Paris and other 24 licensing loyalty French towns—constituted a turning point in the persecution of Protestantism in France by ﬁrmly linking heresy and sedition in the minds of royal oﬃcials.
The main printers and booksellers of Jansenist texts in the provinces, too, were established printers. 14 Until the reign of Louis XIV, the bishops were frequently the unchallenged patrons of printing and printers in their dioceses; some brought the ﬁrst permanent printers to their towns to further the Counter-Reformation. In 1661 the bookseller Jean Berthelin in Rouen was operating as an intermediary between the Elzévirs in Amsterdam and the Paris bookseller Frédéric Léonard, who was king’s printer and printer for the clergy.
Licensing Loyalty: Printers, Patrons, and the State in Early Modern France (Penn State Studies in the History of the Book) by Jane McLeod