By Trevor Pinch, Richard Swedberg
Although social scientists ordinarily agree that know-how performs a key position within the financial system, economics and expertise have not begun to be introduced jointly right into a coherent framework that's either analytically attention-grabbing and empirically orientated. This booklet attracts at the instruments of technology and expertise experiences and monetary sociology to reconceptualize the intersection of financial system and know-how, suggesting materiality--the concept that social lifestyles comprises not just actors and social relatives but in addition objects--as the theoretical aspect of convergence. The participants soak up common matters, similar to person organization in a community financial system and the materiality of the family in fiscal heritage, in addition to particular monetary applied sciences comparable to the inventory ticker, the buying and selling room, and the phone. sorts of infrastructure--accounting, worldwide configurations of buying and selling and knowledge applied sciences, and patent law--are tested. Case reports of the effect of the web and knowledge know-how on intake (e-commerce), the recognition economic climate (the upward thrust of on-line reports of products), and organizational settings (outsourcing of an IT process) around off this number of essays.
Contributors: Elizabeth Popp Berman, Daniel Beunza, Michel Callon, Karin Knorr Cetina, Shay David, Thomas F. Gieryn, Barbara Grimpe, David Hatherly, David Leung, Christian Licoppe, Donald MacKenzie, Philip Mirowski, Fabian Muniesa, Edward Nik-Khah, Trevor Pinch, Alex Preda, Nicholas J. Rowland, David Stark, Richard Swedberg
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Extra resources for Living in a Material World: Economic Sociology Meets Science and Technology Studies (Inside Technology)
Are things (or nonhumans) involved in the action, and, if so, in what forms? There is no general answer to these questions; only the particular circumstances of the action count. Agency—and this is the ﬁrst advantage of the concept—can be attributed to heterogeneous and unexpected entities which are not necessarily human beings (‘‘the French economy’’ that creates unemployment; ‘‘biotechnology’’ which generates ethical problems; ‘‘genes’’ which are said to cause severe diseases and/or impairments).
Muniesa, F. 2003. Des Marche´s commes algorithmes: Sociologie de la cotation e´lectronique a` la Bourse de Paris. D. dissertation, Ecole des Mines, Paris. , and S. Winter. 1982. An Evolutionary Theory of Economic Change. Harvard University Press. Oldenzeil, R. 1999. Making Technology Masculine: Men, Women and Modern Machines in America, 1870–1945. Amsterdam University Press. Oudshoorn, N. 1994. Beyond the Natural Body: An Archaeology of Sex Hormones. Routledge. , and T. Pinch. 2003. How Users Matter: The Co-Construction of Users and Technologies.
Habilitation is a quite different approach. It is based on the idea that there is no reason to act exclusively on handicapped persons to reduce the maladjustments they are suffering from. Instead of focusing on the extension of the individual by successive articulations and integrations of prostheses, as in the case of prosthetic adjustment, habilitation is also directed at the individual, but starting from the outside environment. As it goes along, it shapes devices, procedures, and forms of organization, aiming for the inclusion of the handicapped person in an interactive diagram.
Living in a Material World: Economic Sociology Meets Science and Technology Studies (Inside Technology) by Trevor Pinch, Richard Swedberg