Read e-book online Modes of Discourse: The Local Structure of Texts PDF

By Carlota S. Smith

ISBN-10: 0511066937

ISBN-13: 9780511066931

ISBN-10: 0521781698

ISBN-13: 9780521781695

In learning discourse, the matter for the linguist is to discover a fruitful point of study. Carlota Smith bargains a brand new strategy with this learn of discourse passages, devices of numerous sentences or extra. She introduces the main proposal of the "Discourse Mode", making a choice on 5 modes: Narrative, Description, record, details, Argument. Smith analyzes the houses that distinguish each one mode, targeting grammatical instead of lexical details. The ebook additionally examines presentational issues: subject and concentration; version in syntactic constitution; and subjectivity, or standpoint.

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Example text

Event Event State State State Example (2e) is a construction known as the “perfect,” which expresses the State that results from the occurrence of an Event or the existence of a State. Perfects are a type of State. Situations of all kinds take place or hold in the world, and have temporal and spatial coordinates; they are also known as eventualities, following Bach (1981). The term “situation” is used for both the general class and the sub-types of Event and State. General Statives do not express particular events or states, so that they are relatively abstract and non-dynamic in nature.

3 Sentences express bounded events when 2. This oversimplifies somewhat: adverbials can give an explicit bound that is less than the full run-time of an event. 3. Narrative sequence is the default, in this view. Departures from the default are usually signaled by adverbials or other cues. , as different discourse relations; see Chapter 11 for discussion. g. g. ” Ongoing events and states are unbounded. These points are discussed in Chapter 4. The examples below illustrate passages of the Narrative Discourse Mode; each has sentences of bounded and unbounded Events.

In passages of the Description mode the reader progresses spatially from one part of a scene to another. For instance, in the first sentences of (8a) we tour the rocky plateau from the boulders to the flowers; then to the lake and its subsidiary streams, following the gaze of the describer. In (8b) the passage progresses along the buildings of Eleventh Street. Typically in description there is a locative phrase with scope over the material that follows, as in these examples. I also assume a tacit durative time adverbial for descriptive passages.

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Modes of Discourse: The Local Structure of Texts by Carlota S. Smith


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