By James L. Gibson
Perhaps no nation in background has so at once and carefully faced its earlier on the way to form its destiny as has South Africa. operating from the assumption that knowing the previous can help construct a extra peaceable and democratic destiny, South Africa has made a concerted, institutionalized attempt to come back to grips with its background of apartheid via its fact and Reconciliation fee. In Overcoming Apartheid, James L. Gibson offers the 1st systematic review of no matter if South Africa's fact and reconciliation procedure has been profitable. Has the method allowed South Africa to allow cross of its painful previous and circulation on? Or has it exacerbated racial tensions through revisiting painful human rights violations and granting amnesty to their perpetrators?
Overcoming Apartheid reviews at the biggest and so much entire research of post-apartheid attitudes in South Africa to this point, concerning a consultant pattern of all significant racial, ethnic, and linguistic teams. Grounding his research of fact in theories of collective reminiscence, Gibson discovers that the method has been so much profitable in making a universal knowing of the character of apartheid. His research then demonstrates how this universal knowing helps to foster reconciliation, as outlined by way of the reputation of easy rules of human rights and political tolerance, rejection of racial prejudice, and popularity of the associations of a brand new political order. Gibson identifies key parts within the process—such as acknowledging shared accountability for atrocities of the past—that are crucial if reconciliation is to maneuver ahead. He concludes that with out the reality and reconciliation procedure, the clients for a reconciled, democratic South Africa may minimize significantly. Gibson additionally speculates approximately no matter if the South African adventure presents any classes for different international locations around the world attempting to triumph over their repressive pasts.
A groundbreaking paintings of social technology examine, Overcoming Apartheid can be a primer for using leading edge conceptual and methodological instruments in examining fact tactics during the global. it's absolute to be a invaluable source for political scientists, social scientists, team relatives theorists, and scholars of transitional justice and human rights.
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Extra info for Overcoming Apartheid: Can Truth Reconcile a Divided Nation?
Though I explicitly do not claim that reconciliation requires the acceptance of the necessity of granting amnesties, I do conclude in this chapter that the amnesty component of the truth and reconciliation process did less damage to reconciliation than many believe, in large part because the process produced compensatory forms of justice. In chapter 8, the final empirical analysis of reconciliation, I investigate the legitimacy that South Africans accord to the political institutions of the New South Africa.
Thus, while my study here is concerned with a fundamentally important chapter in the larger book of South African reconciliation, the story I tell is a story of the beginning, not the end, of the process of reconciliation. Appendix: Race in South Africa Whatever one’s preferences, no one can write about South African politics without writing about race. 17 It is common in South Africa to divide the total population into four racial categories for the purposes of research or to explain the demographic realities and/or socioeconomic conditions in the country, and I follow this practice throughout the analysis reported in this book.
This literature has taught us, for example, about the crucial role that perceptions of threat play in shaping tolerance. In addition to investigating the conventional threat-centered explanations of intolerance, I focus here on the ways in which intolerance is connected to group identities. Intolerance is more than a matter of individuals not putting up with each other. It is also about intergroup conflict, and therefore social identity theory has much to say about political tolerance—a minimalist definition of reconciliation.
Overcoming Apartheid: Can Truth Reconcile a Divided Nation? by James L. Gibson